Maquiladoras (Mexican assembly plants that absorb imported components and produce goods for export) have become the emblem of trade in Mexico. They left the United States for Mexico, hence the debate about the loss of American jobs. Revenues in the maquiladora sector had increased by 15.5% since nafta in 1994. [68] Other sectors have also benefited from the free trade agreement and the share of non-cross-border exports to the United States has increased over the past five years [when?], while the share of exports from border states has declined. This has led to rapid growth in non-cross-border metropolitan areas such as Toluca, Leén and Puebla, all more populated than Tijuana, Ciudad Juérez and Reynosa. The NAFTA decree and various amendments to enshrine NAFTA in Mexican legislation was passed on December 14, 1993, when NAFTA came into force on January 1, 1994. [28] After Donald Trump`s presidential election, a number of trade experts said that an exit from NAFTA, as proposed by Trump, would have a number of unintended consequences for the United States, including limited access to the largest U.S. export markets, reduced economic growth and higher prices for gasoline, cars, fruits and vegetables. [10] The textile, agriculture and automotive sectors would be most affected. [11] [153] This deal, if concluded, it is the first free trade agreement that imposes all the following measures to protect U.S.

rights holders from theft of trade secrets, including by state-owned enterprises: civil litigation, criminal court action, a prohibition on obstruction of trade secrets, protection of trade secrets during court proceedings, and penalties for government officials who mislent insen secrets. Supporters have capped NAFTA because it has opened up Mexican markets to U.S. companies like never before. The Mexican market is growing rapidly, which promises more export opportunities, which means more jobs. However, proponents have struggled to convince the American public that NAFTA would do more good than harm. Their main efforts have been to convince citizens that all consumers have as wide a choice of products at as low a price as possible, which means that consumers would be the main beneficiaries of lowered trade barriers. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, which represents the interests of small businesses, was one of THE most active supporters of NAFTA and organized small and medium-sized business owners and employees to support the agreement.